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Sukkur city is in Southeastern Pakistan in Sind Province, on the Indus River. It covers an area of 5,165 square kilometres. Geographically it is spanned from 27°05' to 28°02' north latitudes and from 68°47' to 69°43' east longitudes. The city of Sukkur is located at an altitude of 220 feet (67 m) from sea level, having terrestrial coordinates 68°52' east and 27°42' north. It is also the narrowest point of the lower Indus course.
After 1853's invasion of Charles Napier, Sindh was divided into provinces and was assigned a Zamindar's to collect taxes for British, Zamindar's were also known as 'Wadero'. Wadero of "Shikarpur" was Lord Wadero Bhagwandas Golani (1861 - 1931) a merchant born in the royal family of the Golani's.
After his death in his eldest son Shobraj Bhagwandas Golani (1885 - 1978) took over as the Landlord of Shikarpur, Digri, Jamrao, Kachhelo, Tando Jan Mohammed, Ratnabad, Roshanabad and Khayrpur. Shobraj Bhagwandas Golani was also invited to Great Britain by the King along with all the Nawab's and Rajah's of India in 1901 to discuss the participation of their respective provinces in Expansion of British Empire in Middle East.
Shobraj along with his eldest son Shri Hashmatrai S Golani (1918 - 1979) moved to Bombay in 1948 after Partition of India and Pakistan. Sindh was made part of British Indias Bombay Presidency, and became a separate province in 1935.
Area and Population
Sukkur district shares northern border with Shikarpur and (recently constituted) Kashmore districts. Ghotki is located on the north-eastern side while Khairpur on the south. Sukkur also shares its border with India (Jaisalmir, Rajasthan). Sukkur is also connected by road air with all major cities of Pakistan. Sukkur has a population of about 1 million (2005 approx)
The climate of the Sukkur is characterized by hot and hazy weather during summer days while dry and cold in winter. During January, temperature ranges from 7 to 22 °C (44 to 71 °F). The summer (month of June before monsoon) temperature averages 35 °C (95 °F) though it often reaches up to 52°C (107 °F). Generally the summer season commences in March - April and ends before October. The average rainfall of the district is 88 mm, (ranges from 0.59 mm to 25.62 mm) per annum.
Industries include cotton ginning, silk and food processing, rice and flour milling, textile dyeing, metalworking, boatbuilding, tanning, tobacco processing, shad fishing, and the manufacture of chemicals, cement, candy, tiles, hosiery, and playing cards.
Sukkur is the site of a technical school and of the Sukkur Industrial Trading Estate, which supplies local products to factories.
To the south is Sukkur Barrage (about 1525 m/5000 ft long), one of the world's largest dams, built from 1923 to 1932. From it radiate seven canals, irrigating a region where wheat, rice, millet, and oilseeds are grown. The city was under British rule from 1842 to 1947.
Some other places of interests include Tomb of Shah khairuddin jillani GEA SHAH, Tomb of the Seven Maidens Sateen Jo Aastan, Tomb of Abdul Baqi Purani, Minaret of Masum Shah, Lansdowne Bridge, Shahi Bazaar, Frere Road, Ayub Gate, Looks Parak/Qasim Park, Purana Sukkur (Old Sukkur), Sheikh Shaheen Road Sukkur.
Sukkur had a large fertile and cultivable land till few decades ago, when the Indus river was not as barren as today. Now its agricultural productivity has much reduced. It could not achieve reasonable yield per unit area over time, on account of continuous shortage of water and ignorance of modern irrigation system.
Despite lack of water, during kharif, rice, bajra, cotton tomatoes and peas are cultivated whereas during rabi main crops are wheat, barley, gram and melons. Sukkur is famous world over, for its delicious dates. Sukkur also holds a large number of Riveraine forest on the course of Indus.
These tropical forests are found within the protective embankments on either side of Indus. During 1997-98 the total area under forests was 510 km² which yielded 55,000 cubic feet (1600 m³) of timber and 27000 cubic feet (760 m³) of firewood besides other miner products.
* All figures and stats are approximate